Dubai is located on the Persian Gulf coast of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and is roughly at sea level 16 meters. The emirate of Dubai shares borders with the Abu Dhabi in the south, Sharjah in the northeast, with the Sultanate of Oman which is situated in the southeast of Dubai. Hatta, a minor exclave of the emirate, is surrounded on three sides by Oman and by the emirates of Ajman (in the west) and Ras Al Khaimah (in the north). The Persian Gulf borders the western coast of the emirate. Dubai is positioned at 25.2697° N 55.3095° E and covers an area of 4,114 km2.
Dubai lies exactly within the Arabian Desert. However, the topography of Dubai is quite different from that of the southern portion of the UAE. This is because most of Dubai’s landscape is highlighted by sandy desert patterns, while gravel deserts dominate much of the southern region of the country. The sand consists mostly of crushed shell with coral which makes the sand clear, clean and shiny. Looking at the east of Dubai, the salt-crusted coastal plans, known as sabkha, give way to a north-south running line of dunes. If you look to a further direction of the east, the dunes grow bigger and are tinged red with iron oxide. The flat sandy desert gives way to the Western Hajar Mountains, which run alongside Dubai’s border with Oman at Hatta. The Western Hajar chain has an arid, jagged and shattered landscape, whose mountains rise to about 1,300 meters in some places. Dubai has no natural river bodies or oases but it does have a natural inlet, Dubai Creek.
The Dubai Creek allows the large vessels to pass through because it has been dredged to make it deep enough. Dubai also has multiple gorges and waterholes which dotted across the base of the Western Al Hajar mountains. A vast sea of sand dunes covers much of southern Dubai, which eventually leads into the desert known as “The Empty Quarter”.
Basically, Dubai is in a very stable zone because the nearest seismic fault line, known as the the Zargos Fault, is over 100 kilometers from the UAE. This is almost impossible to have any seismic impact on Dubai. Experts also claimed that the possibility of a tsunami in the region is also zero because the Persian Gulf waters are not deep enough to trigger even a small tsunami.
The sandy Margham desert surrounding the city supports wild grasses and numerous date palm trees. Desert hyacinths grow in the sabkha plans east of the city, while acacia and ghaf trees grow in the flat plains within the proximity of the Western Al Hajar Mountains. Several indigenous trees such as the date palm and neem as well as imported trees like the eucalypts grow very well in Dubai’s natural parks. The several breeds of wild hyena, caracal, brown fox, falcon, Arabian oryx and a few other rare breeds from the eagle family tree are common animals roaming in the Dubai’s desert. Dubai is on the migration path between Europe, Asia and Africa with more than 320 migratory birds pass through the emirate in spring and autumn. Hence, you might have the opportunity to watch a stunning view of large groups of birds flying across the sky during that season.